Stage 11 Swim and Survive

58. Deep water entries and exits

Must See Criteria:
Safe entry for deep water conditions; Stride Entry - body leaning forward, arms used to slow downward movement, head kept above water.
Step Entry - safe and confident, looking at point of entry, knees slightly flexed on entry, legs relaxed when feet hit the bottom. Compact Jump - Arms across the body, one hand over mouth and nose, legs together, vertical entry. Accidental Fall - Chin tucked onto chest, both hands holding top of head, forearms protecting the face, knees bent towards chest.

Safe exit (raised edge or ladder) for deep water conditions; Arms/legs used to raise body out of the water. With assistance using a stirrup lift; Partner treads water while interlocking fingers to create a stirrup. Place one foot in stirrup and straighten leg to raise body out of the water. Partner may go underwater as a result of upwards push.

59. Forward and backward somersault

Must See Criteria:
Rotation in a single plane. Effective arm action. Finish in appropriate position. Surface; no arm action.

60. Surface dive and recover object in 1.5m water. Swim underwater 5m.

Must See Criteria:
From in-water approach, correct surface dive technique. Eyes open. Effective arms and leg action to recover object. Effective arms and leg action for underwater swim. Turn on back and look for potential dangers when surfacing.

61. Swimming skills

See below for swimming stroke requirements for Stage 11 - Swim & Survive.

Freestyle - Swim 100m

Must See Criteria:

Body Position: Streamlined body position, face immersed to hairline. Smooth head rotation. Coordinated breathing with arm stroke, one arm enters before other finishes the push.
Leg Action: Alternate kicking from hips. Ankles loose, feet in plantar position.
Arm Action: Hand enters thumb, index finger first, directly in front of shoulder. Strong pull/push phase follows a 'S' pattern. Recovery with high elbow and low wrist.

Breaststroke - Swim 100m

Must See Criteria:

Body Position: Horizontal body position on water surface. Pull-Breath-Kick-Glide sequence. Head riding up and down with shoulders. Hips rise prior to kick. Body streamlined with arms and legs fully extended during glide.
Leg Action: Knees bend to shoulder width apart, feet hook as drawn towards buttocks. Feet drive out and around in whip action. As legs reach full extension, they come together. Toes pointed in glide.
Arm Action: Arms extended in front of body, hands together. Symmetrical and simultaneous pull is outwards, downwards and back to the shoulder.

Backstroke - Swim 50m

Must See Criteria:

Body Position: Horizontal body position, body streamlined with arms fully extended. Head stationary, water line at ear level. Rotation on horizontal axis toward working arm.
Leg Action: Alternate kicking from hips. Feet in plantar position. Ankles loose.
Arm Action: Arm action is alternate and continuous. Straight arm reaches back entering the water directly above the shoulder. Hand enters little finger first. 

Survival Backstroke - Swim 50m

Must See Criteria:

Body Position: Horizontal on water surface, water line at ear level. Simultaneous propulsive phase of arms and legs. Glide. Arms commence recovery before legs. Arms do not reach past head.
Leg Action: Knees bend apart, vertical drop of lower legs, feet hooked. Symmetrical and simultaneous kick in circular action. Legs fully extended and toes pointed.
Arm Action: Arm close to body on recovery, palms toward feet as extended past shoulders. Symmetrical and simultaneous push in a curved pathway until fully extended.

Sidestroke - Swim 50m

Must See Criteria:

Body Position: Horizontal and completely on side. Streamlined and full extension.
Leg Action: Upper leg moves forward; lower leg moves backward. Triangle formed with legs. Both legs driven in circular action parallel to water surface. Legs extended together in glide position.
Arm Action: Lower arm is fully extended beyond the head and upper arm fully extended along upper side of body. Lower arm push in curved pattern with bent elbow and flexed wrist.

Butterfly - Swim 15m

Must See Criteria:

Body Position: Horizontal on water surface, face immersed to hairline. Body streamlined with arms fully extended and feet in platar flex position. Head lifted as pull phase reaches middle torso. First kick occurs as the hands catch the water. Second kick occurs as the hands push to hips.
Leg Action: Kick originating from an upwards push of hips. Legs kick simultaneously. Knees bend on down-beat and up-beat. 
Arm Action: Both hands enter water shoulder width apart and arms slightly flexed. Pull is outwards then inwards in keyhole shaped pattern. High Arm recovery. 

Swim 100m - Using two strokes

Must See Criteria:

Effective propulsion. Improving endurance. 

62. Survival Skills

Must See Criteria:

Survival swim 100m wearing short legnth clothes (50m freestyle, 50m survival). Float for 2 minutes without aid. Safely use lifejacket (fit out of water, enter and float for 1 minute, swim 25m). Ensure correct and efficient survival stroke technique. As well as safe and efficient removal of clothing while in water. Correctly fit lightjacket. Effective feet-first entry.

63. Reach and throw rescue person 5m from safety. Initiative in assessment and rescue.

Must See Criteria:

Constant observation and reassurance of person. Firmly anchored. Accurate throw/reach out and instruct person to take hold. Safe and steady pull. Secure person to edge.

64. Water Safety Knowledge

Hazards & Personal Safety: Waterholes/Lakes and Dams. Safe entries.
Risks & Peer Influences: Fishing.
Responding to Emergencies: The Four A’s, injured swimmer, reach rescue, shock, CPR compression;breath ratio and technique.

Learn what to do when escaping from a capsized boat and extend your safe rescue knowlegde by enrolling in Stage 12 - Senior Swim & Survive

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